Structural Injustice and Why Christians are the Obvious Candidates to Help

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I received an email from our school superintendent the other day that read: “I am deeply saddened to report the passing of Dontrae Henning, a beloved member of the class of 2010. Dontrae was killed by gun violence while sitting in a car on Monday night.”

Now, very little is known about the circumstances that led up to this tragedy. But at intense moments like this, people understandably want to ask, “Whose fault was this?”

Traditional liberalism tends to say “It’s the corrupt system’s fault.” Traditional conservatism tends to say “It’s the broken family’s fault.” In other words, everyone always thinks it’s someone else’s fault. While there certainly is blame, I’m fairly confidant that sitting around and assigning blame is unproductive. What I do know is that, like every other 17 or 18 year-old, I made many foolish choices by that point in my life too. And yet I never once felt as though any of those foolish choices would lead to me sitting in a car one night and getting my life taken. What that means is that I was afforded a level of grace by God – a grace of safe living conditions, grace of a loving family unit, grace of a Christian upbringing, grace of quality education and abundant life opportunities – graces that many others are simply not afforded, at least to the same degree.

Now I have no reason to feel guilty about the blessings I received. But it’d also be inappropriate to fail to recognize those blessings for what they were, GRACE. The spiritual blindness of the human condition leads us to take more credit than we deserve. This is the reason why everyone who wins an award first remarks, “I worked really hard.” While they may have worked hard, it’s dismissive of the efforts of others to say you won simply because you worked the hardest. It ignores good fortune and positive circumstances. It ignores God’s interventions. Put differently, the Christian response to blessing would NOT be to say, “I earned this,” nor to throw my hands up and say, “I guess I got lucky!” Instead, the reborn response to good fortune would be to ask, “How do I bless others with the grace afforded me?”

So, for instance, in Milwaukee, we have thousands of kids who by the age of 17 or 18 have almost no marketable skills. They have almost no trajectory of healthy social productivity. Author Matthew Desmond did a remarkable job laying this out in his best-selling book Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City. Make no mistake, this is a Christian responsibility. Why is social brokenness a Christian responsibility, you ask? Everyone has gods, but Christians are the only ones with a God of grace. Consequently, Christians are the only ones who can who have the resource of grace themselves to apply grace, undeserved love.

Yes, secular people can throw money at stuff. Yes, secular people can demonstrate social activism. But only someone who has received Jesus Christ’s life for theirs, gifting them eternal life in paradise, will have the resource to say, “Okay, now my life for yours. I’m willing to be hurt in order to help bring your hurting to an end.” On the other hand, if you believe this life is all there is and that the highest goal of this life is your own personal comfort (the highest pursuit of the modern western person), you will never live like that.

Perhaps the most vivid illustration of structural injustice I’ve ever heard was presented in Divided by Faith, written by Michael Emerson and Christian Smith. They create a parable in the book that goes something like this: There are two guys, Guy A and Guy B, who both need to lose some weight. They both decide to go to a summer camp to lose weight. But let’s say at Guy A’s summer camp everyone is fit. Everyone encourages you to lose weight. All the stores are health food. And all the gyms are inexpensive and popular. Now, let’s say at Guy B’s summer camp the only place to get food is McDonald’s. The one gym there is lousy and super expensive and you have to wait in lines to use machines. And finally, most of the people there are pretty out-of-shape. Now, of course there are still some important individual choices to be made and personal ownership of those decisions. It’s still certainly possible for Guy B to lose weight through discipline and willpower. But you cannot deny that it’s going to be more difficult for Guy B to lose weight at his camp than Guy A. That’s structural inequality.

blog - injustice 1Now the reason God doesn’t just give everyone a basket with an equal amount of goods in it to provide for needs is because he doesn’t desire for us to be merely dependent upon him, but also interdependent upon one another. So, he might put two sets of goods in my basket and none in another, because he wants me to share with the one who has none. In that case, we’re not only both provided for, but we’ve built relationship together. And if you’re so bold as to think that God cares little about structural injustice, that anyone who encourages Christian humanitarian efforts is merely practicing a social gospel, I’d encourage you to re-read Jesus’ haunting warning in Matthew 25:31-46. On the Day of Judgment, Christ says the litmus test for true orthodoxy will not merely be accurate doctrinal confession (i.e. “Lord”), but active social compassion.

The reality with structural injustice is that you don’t have to be an overt racist or classist to perpetuate a system that favors some ahead of others. You can participate non-consciously, which is probably most participation. We rarely recognize clear advantages when we’re the one receiving those advantages.

So, to overturn social injustice, you must have two things: 1) Someone must call your attention to social injustice; 2) You must have a compelling reason to change, even inconvenience yourself along the way.

I think it’s worth noting that in the history of believers, despite clear warnings, God’s people have occasionally been completely unmotivated to enact social justice…with painful results.

The prophet Amos’ chief mission in his 8th century Northern Kingdom ministry was to call the wealthy Israelite elite to repentance over their structural injustices. Assyria and Egypt, the understood powers of the day, had become weakened for various reasons. This enabled Israel to overtake important trade routes, resulting in a rapid influx of cash into the empire. But the financial impact was only seen by the professional class, not the working class, which created a greater class disparity. Sound familiar?

The most obvious demonstration that the nation was becoming corrupted by this wealth was the injustices taking place in the court system. Bribes were commonplace. And the victims of a system like that, almost invariably, were the widows, the orphans, the foreigners, and the poor (Zech. 7:10). By profiting off the poor, the wealthy were building their dream houses. God called them to repentance through Amos, but when they didn’t, he finally came down and said, Therefore, though you have built stone mansions, you will not live in them; though you have planted lush vineyards, you will not drink their wine. For I know how many are your offenses and how great your sins.” (Amos 5:11-12) The God who positions the stars in the sky, changes the seasons, causes the rains, etc. (Amos. 5:8), he’s the one that will have final say on wealth distribution, since it all belongs to him and he controls it anyways.

So our simple filter when it comes to making life decisions and managing blessings is this: Does this honor God? Is this me first or is this you first? The reason any structural injustice takes place is because you have a bunch of people who collectively, defying God, are saying, “Me first.”

Where are you at on this? I’ll be honest with you, there’s a strong part of me that has become convicted that if, for instance, I was born and raised in the 53206 zip code, there’s more than a small chance that I’d probably be in jail right now. In other words, if you put my exact same disposition and spirit into a young man in a geographic area and cultural circumstance of high violence, poor economics, poor education, family dysfunction, and social injustice, he might very well end up in jail. What that means is I was shown some grace and blessing in circumstances. And what that then means is that with the choices and management opportunities I’m given in life, I need to bless others.

Why? Not to earn my salvation, but because by grace I’ve already been blessed with salvation. Rather, here’s your motivation for social healing: Jesus is the one who was literally on the inside of God, safe and secure inside the Trinity, but voluntarily left that comfort to come to earth and be unjustly banished outside of the holy city. Worse yet, Jesus was brutally pushed out of God’s love upon the cross – “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me.” (Matt. 27:46) But he willingly and graciously did it so that we who deserve to be cast outside for our injustices would instead be forever welcomed inside God’s family. To the degree I recognize that I am the beneficiary of his injustice, I will become a healer of injustice myself.

God now opens our eyes to injustice and to the outcasts (the victims of injustice). Don’t wait till you “feel led” to get involved. I think for many years I believed you had to feel compelled to do the things that were right in God’s sight or it would somehow be disingenuous. I’ve since learned that’s just not the way Christian maturity tends to work. Instead, a Christian walks by faith and does what is right in God’s sight, watches God work through him, and that generates the appropriate feelings.

As the Christian Church in the west continues to wane, I’m led to think that the believing communities that will last are those who best carry out fully what Jesus designed his church to be: His voice of truth, yes, but, no less, his hands and feet of compassion.

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The Christian Need to Embrace Those Different From You

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That which is different is scary. But in most cases, it’s not bad. It’s just different.

I was reminded of this when preaching on the account of the interaction between Cornelius, a Roman centurion, and Peter, the disciple and leader of the early church. All of Acts 10 is the narrative of the two being brought together by God.

Cornelius is a “God-fearer,” which is a specific New Testament technical term for a Gentile who came to believe that the God of the Jews was, in fact, the one true God, but who did not fully adopt the Jewish culture. In Acts 10, God gives Cornelius a vision to send for Peter. And God also gives Peter a vision about a wild, “unclean” buffet of animals that God wants Peter to kill and eat. Peter, always one to tell God how to do his job, responds that he would NEVER do such a horrible thing as defile himself by eating unclean meat (Acts 10:14). God then plays the trump card and says, “Do not call anything impure that God has made clean.” (Acts 10:15) Peter goes downstairs and Cornelius’ messengers show up, so Peter goes to visit Cornelius. When Peter arrives and learns the faithfulness of Cornelius and the other God-fearers there, marked especially by the obvious outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Acts 10:44), he says, I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism but accepts from every nation the one who fears him and does what is right.” (Acts 10:34-35)

By saying, “I now realize,” somewhat surprisingly, Peter is suggesting that prior to this occasion, he didn’t understand that God didn’t show favoritism. In other words, before Peter witnessed a faithful, God-Fearing Gentile in action, he was inclined to believe that God was much more likely to accept some people over others based on their culture. In fact, elsewhere in the New Testament (cf. Gal. 2), we learn that Peter had some latent, underlying racism – a Jewish cultural superiority complex – that God was trying to get him over.

In Acts 10, the Holy Spirit is trying to convince us then that, by nature, we struggle with the exact same problem Peter did. But we rarely realize it. Peter had no idea he was a racist until he stepped foot into the house and life of someone different from him. It’s not like Cornelius was a hardened criminal. He was a Roman centurion. Consider him something similar to the CEO of a company of a hundred employees. He’s successful, he’s highly moral, and he’s socially compassionate. The only problem is…he’s different from Peter. And different is scary, confusing, and sometimes frustrating to fallen humanity.

What Does This Mean?

I think there are several very practical lessons here about embracing a culture different from yours for the sake of the gospel. So, let me offer 3 encouragements:

Embrace someone different from you with the gospel because…

  1. Our World is Changing Demographically

Most projections over the past decade are suggesting that by the year 2050, the white population in the U.S. will become a minority (in the sense that the American population will consist of less than 50% white people). If you are like me and belong to a church body with a Lutheran theological tradition, you are at the bottom of ethnic diversity in American religion. Please understand that I’m not suggesting a church or church body should become more diverse merely for the purpose of surviving, but as white birth rates continue to drop, it is going to become exceedingly difficult for predominantly white churches to maintain numbers.

This isn’t completely unlike what was seen in the Early Christian Church. Justo Gonzalez does a great job explaining in The Story of Christianity that the church, in its infancy, existed purely of converted Jews. Gentiles didn’t start making up the majority of the church until the 2nd century. At the outset you had almost exclusively Jewish converts. But within that group of converts you had two subdivisions – the Hebrews and the Hellenists. The Hebrews maintained a rigid loyalty to Jewish customs. The Hellenists were Jews who were open to embracing Greek culture like the rest of the Roman Empire, without embracing the immorality that often pervaded the culture.

Not surprisingly, the Hellenist churches were significantly more successful at eventually converting the Gentiles, because they didn’t put cultural obstacles in the way of coming to Christ.

The basic lesson here is that it’s wise not to add culture to Christian faith.

Second, embrace a different culture with the gospel because…

2) It Fights Against Self-Righteousness

Evangelizing to people culturally different from you (which is essentially ALL evangelism), is beneficial not only for those whom you witness to, but it’s also a way by which God continues to shape you. The reason for that is because when you see someone culturally different from you demonstrate faith in Jesus, it helps clarify what the gospel is NOT. The gospel is not a language or a musical style or a haircut or a skin color. Islam certainly is. You cannot truly practice the Muslim faith without knowing the Quran in Arabic. But Christianity has no manmade defined culture. Rather, it infuses manmade culture with grace.

Screen Shot 2017-08-03 at 7.58.31 AMWhy is it so important for us to learn this? Because every sinful human heart (Peter, the Jews, and us too) unwittingly create manmade categories that we easily fit into as requirements for being “good” believers. The reason we do this is because human hearts are naturally resistant to Jesus Christ alone as our Savior (Rom. 8:7). So, if we make our own categories that put us closer to God apart from Christ, i.e. self-righteousness, we are then taking some credit for our salvation.

The benefit to you of embracing a culture different from yours with the gospel is that you then discover what biases and gospel distortions you formerly didn’t realize you had. Say, for instance, you grew up in a church where everyone wore the same style of clothes, had the same basic haircut, preferred the same type of music, and liked the same forms of entertainment. In all likelihood, you’d subconsciously develop a belief that some of those neutral things were “right” (or “righter”) than other neutral forms. You might even passionately defend that some of those neutral things are better than others. But God would say something to the effect of “Do not call anything impure that God has made clean.” (Acts 10:15) Consequently, when you encounter another Christian who preferred worshipping with a different style of music or wore a different style of clothes, who was just as much a Christian as you, it would confuse you a bit at first, but clarify the gospel for you. You’d realize you were likely adding manmade categories in the past and be compelled to repent of adding to Scripture (Mark 7:6-8; Rev. 22:18-19).

The basic lesson is that it’s theologically accurate to not add manmade culture to Christian faith.

Finally, embrace a different culture with the gospel because…

3) It Images Christ

What was the work of Jesus Christ? The gospel of Jesus Christ is the good news that a holy God who was completely unlike us came to live with us. He had everything in common with God, but he came to hang out with man. He was rejected because he was misunderstood. He was despised because he hung out with losers. And then he was killed under the worst culturally preferred torment the Romans had, crucifixion. Why? Jesus embraced you who were different from him because he loved you undeservedly, unreasonably, and recklessly. He walked into our house so that we could live forever in his. To the degree that we understand that, we will walk into the lives of people different than us with undeserved love as well.

Jesus didn’t just cross cultural borders, he crossed over from heaven to earth. But because he did, you have forgiveness for any cultural elitism, you have hope for a perfect future society of love and equality that you can start working towards today, and you have a clear path and model to serving others with the gospel.

Cross earthly cultural borders with the gospel and anticipate the Spirit coming down (Acts 10:44).

The Off Switch for Your Personal Pain

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For many of us, the pursuit of happiness is closely related to the numbing of pain. Vacations are as much about shutting off cellphones and not answering emails as they are about sunny beaches. Addictive behaviors are as much about escaping unwanted feelings as they are about the activity itself. The Bible itself even defines paradise in terms of the absence of pain – “He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.” (Rev. 21:4) So, in one sense, salvation is the absence of our present hurt.

Though there’s obviously no shortcut to experiencing salvation, I do believe God gives us resources to mitigate unnecessary hurt in this lifetime. One of these resources is his encouragement to in humility, value others above yourselves, not looking to your own interests but each of you to the interests of the others.” (Phil. 2:3-4) A Christian at some point has to see that caring for others is not something we do merely because we’re naughty if we don’t, but because we’re blessed when we do. 

In the early 1900s there was a Russian physiologist by the name of Alexei Ukhtomsky, whose main contribution to the scientific community was his “Principle of the Dominant Focus.” This principle stated that when it comes to the human nervous system, the brain can only focus on that which is causing the greatest stimulation. For instance, when it comes to pain, your brain doesn’t really register consciousness of two pains simultaneously though you may experience two separate pains simultaneously. So, let’s say you have a bad headache but you also recently sprained your ankle. If on a scale of 1 to 10, your headache is like a 6, but your sprained ankle is like a 3, that doesn’t mean that you’re experiencing pain at a 9. The pain reception doesn’t stack. Your brain would only focus on the primary stimulus, the headache pain, the 6. It’s all part of God’s brilliant design.

Now since there is one God who created this integrated physical, psychological, relational, spiritual world, the principles frequently overlap. You can’t register multiple pains simultaneously.

Consequently, while it may seem counterintuitive, the fastest way to overcome one pain would seemingly be to more deeply register a different pain. Furthermore, a unique characteristic of humanity is our ability to relate to the pain of other beings despite it not being our own personal pain. We call this empathy. Practically, what this means is that the most effective way for you to get over your own pain is … to occupy yourself with the pain of others. As you concern yourself with others ahead of self, you proportionately stop feeling so much pity for yourself. If you work to meet the needs of others you will feel proportionately less discontented. Empathy can help free you from your own pain.

As someone who has battled depression at various points throughout my life, I experientially know the deep self-focus often attached to the sadness. It’d be unfair to categorize everyone’s depression, so I’ll just speak for myself. I’ve never gotten depressed when I was deeply focused on the needs of others. I have gotten depressed focusing on my own wants and desires. I have gotten depressed constantly comparing myself to others. But taking God’s advice, “not looking to (my) own interests but…to the interests of the others”, has never created a period of overwhelming sadness for me.

Show me someone who’s obsessed with themselves, whether a high or low opinion of themselves, and I’ll show you a soon-to-be miserable soul. On the other hand, show me someone who’s so convinced of Christ’s providence and sufficiency that they’ve nearly forgotten about themselves, and I’ll show you someone who’s been liberated.

My primary evidence for this is none other than the Son of God himself. Jesus was the only truly other-focused person to ever walk the planet. In fact, in his last moments, at his most piercing pain, upon the cross, what kinds of things was Jesus crying out about? He reasonably could have been crying out about his head due to the crown of thorns, or his back due to the lashings, or the injustice due to the mistrials, or the betrayal and abandonment by his closest friends. But he doesn’t cry out about any of them. Instead, concerned about his mother’s well-being, he pointed her to his friend John and said, “Woman, here is your son now.” (John 19:26) Concerned about the souls of those who were crucifying him, he said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:34) All he could think about was someone other than himself. And because he thought about you and me instead of himself, our sins of self-obsession are washed away and can’t hurt us anymore.

The more the other-focused nature of our Savior melts our hearts, the more we become like him. Believe that because he was so obsessed with you, Jesus has done everything to take care of your eternal welfare. Believe that because he’s still so smitten with you, he constantly intercedes and works to take care of you. And if that’s true, then low and behold, you find yourself with all of this extra time and money and energy available for you to invest in the welfare of others.

Filling your calendar, your budget, and your mind with thoughts of others helps you imitate Christ and experience Christ (Eph. 5:1-2). But it will also numb some of the pain on the road to happiness.

 

NOTE: By encouraging an other-focus that helps alleviate personal pain, I’m not intending to be insensitive to those who are currently going through immense personal hurt. Of course someone in the ICU is going to struggle with physical pain. Of course someone who has recently lost a loved one will appropriately experience emotional turmoil. Of course there will be some pain in life that demands our attention. I’m merely making the case for the general truth that other-focusedness is not only a command, but a blessing from God. Processing pain involves information reception and communication. And in the same way that a human can only reasonably listen to one person in a conversation at a time, that same human brain can only focus on one dominant pain at a time. God’s commands are not arbitrary – they always have blessing attached.

Feel Free to Not “Be Yourself”

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The most commonly offered advice today from parents to children is simple, seemingly profound, and almost universally unchallenged: “Be Yourself.”

In The Road to Character, David Brooks muses on this. He highlights the recent prevalence of societal self-love doctrine:

As Ellen DeGeneres put it in a 2009 commencement address, “My advice to you is to be true to yourself and everything will be fine.” Celebrity chef Mario Batali advised graduates to follow “your own truth, expressed consistently by you.” Anna Quindlen urged another audience to have the courage to “honor your character, your intellect, your inclinations, and, yes, your soul by listening to its clean clear voice instead of following muddied messages of a timid world.” … “In her mega-selling book Eat, Pray, Love, Elizabeth Gilbert wrote that God manifested himself through “my own voice from within my own self….God dwells within you as you yourself, exactly the way you are.” (Road to Character, Brooks, pg. 7)

For many years, Americans have been converting to this doctrine of self-trust.

But it now appears the tide on this advice might be turning. Adam Grant, in perhaps my favorite article from last year, wrote a fantastic piece in the NY Times called “Unless You’re Oprah, ‘Be Yourself’ is Terrible Advice.” Grant writes:

If I can be authentic for a moment: Nobody wants to see your true self. We all have thoughts and feelings that we believe are fundamental to our lives, but that are better left unspoken.

And he concludes:

Next time people say, “just be yourself,” stop them in their tracks. No one wants to hear everything that’s in your head. They just want you to live up to what comes out of your mouth.

Grant offers examples of individuals who have conducted a dangerous social experiment – doing everything they felt they wanted to do. This included the story of an author who tried for several weeks to live a completely “authentic life,” stating everything that he felt was true of himself. This meant that he told a colleague that he would have sex with her if she were single. He told his nanny that he would ask her out on a date if his wife left him. He exposed his daughter to the harsh, cold realities about the death of pets. He told his in-laws they were boring. That author eventually conceded defeat and concluded, “Deceit makes our world go round.”

Deceit as the driving force of life not only sounds sad, but I believe it’s untrue. Personal restraint and willful deception aren’t the same animal.

From a biblical perspective, it’s certainly true that encouraging “authentic selves,” i.e. unfiltering ourselves, is like streaming pure oxygen in front of a blow torch. “The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so.” (Rom. 8:7) The most basic of God’s commands is to love God above all and love your neighbor as yourself. (Matt. 22:37-39) If you encourage your natural self, you will unquestionably nurture a “me first” self that is disrespectful to God and detrimental to humanity. A Christian, by definition, cannot practice a purely “be myself” philosophy.

And, as stated, even the secular world is beginning to admit that a level of what psychologists call “self-monitoring” is necessary, beneficial, and healthy. In fact, civilization is predicated on the idea of a collective people group who are willing to compromise some amount of self for the sake of the greater communal good. So, if you’re a bit of a lead foot, don’t be yourself in heavy traffic. If you love loud music, don’t be yourself late at night in your apartment complex. If you’re kind of a bully, please, by all means, pretend to be anybody else on the playground. Just don’t be yourself. Furthermore, as Grant points out, studies seem to suggest that high self-monitors – people who are constantly scanning their environments for social cues and adapting – generally are more likely to receive promotions, higher status, and responsibility in the corporate world. We’re beginning to understand that, to some extent, we must restrain and repress the natural self.

But how do you do this without deceit? If you have an innate desire to be me-focused, but you pretend that you are, by nature, other-focused, does that not make you an inauthentic hypocrite?

Again, the biblical perspective offers tremendous resource. The solution is not to pretend to be something you’re not (hypocrisy & deception) nor to merely “be yourself” (radical authenticity & acceptance of yourself in your current state). The secret comes in recognizing that God, by grace, has accepted you as the person the Father created, the Son redeemed, and the Holy Spirit now empowers you to be. And that person is not an authentic, independent individual per se, but an important part of the body of Christ.

Here’s the kicker. To truly be in the body, to truly become alive, you MUST die to yourself. In Christianity, life only comes after death. Resurrection only comes after burial. This is not an optional part of Christianity. It’s essential. And it’s completely alien to modern western individualism.  “If you try to hang on to your life, you will lose it. But if you give up your life for my sake, you will save it.” (Matt. 16:25 NLT) The path to the life that really is life does not come from embracing the natural self, but killing it.

You want authenticity? Christians should be the first in line to transparently broadcast their frailties, their weaknesses, their struggles, their regrets. And yet this doesn’t psychologically break them, because their identity doesn’t come from their self-love, but in a greater verdict – the permanent love of God himself.

What kind of stability would we possess if, like John the Baptist, we were able to say, “Lord, my only pursuit is to know you and walk with you and serve you and be closer to you. I want to lose myself in you. I want to become less and you become greater. I want to fall into you, that your light would burn brighter” (cf. John 3:30)?

Furthermore, if we recognized that we are not yet finished products this side of heaven, but children whose hearts the Holy Spirit continues to operate on, we wouldn’t insist on the world accepting us (and our shortcomings) while being cut by our rough edges. Instead, we’d humbly offer our best, apologize for our faults, and demonstrate grace at the flaws of others.

It appears as though we’ve got a generational divide that still requires gospel healing. Millennials tend to perceive Boomers as deceptive, two-faced, living for appearances and hypocritically pretending to be something they’re not. Boomers tend to perceive Millennials as little monsters “being themselves” and demanding that the world think they’re wonderful. But regardless of generation or ideology, in Christianity the proud become humbled and the lowly become emboldened, because God sees every bit of your life and yet accepts you, not because you are yourself, but because he is himself.

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The Myth of Perpetual Christian Happiness

Does God want you to be happy?

Before I can even get the question mark out, most Christians will resoundingly affirm that, “Yes, of course a loving God wants me to be happy!” It’s merely taken for granted in the modern understanding of an omni-affectionate God, that God’s highest pursuit would be my immediate happiness.

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So, the Willy Wonka meme is overplayed, and this is way snarkier than I’d ever say it. But…the point is nonetheless made.

And thus, when life inevitably comes crashing down as a fallen world fails us, we wonder what went wrong. After all, has God not said, For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.” (Jer. 29:11) This verse is the first in the catechism of modern Christian comfort. The great irony is that in this verse God is speaking to a people group who’ve lost everything. The exiles in Babylon that Jeremiah writes to have lost family members in a Babylonian siege, they’ve lost their homes, their careers, their financial assets, everything. They were not happy. They had no circumstantial reason to be. And yet, they were afforded hope, because God still loved them and sought a future of ultimate joy for them.

It reminds me of the ironic disappointment of the disciples on the Road to Emmaus. At one point, literally talking with a resurrected Jesus (unbeknownst to them), they expose their hearts by confessing, The chief priests and our rulers handed (Jesus) over to be sentenced to death, and they crucified him; but we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel.” (Luke 24:20-21) Allow me to paraphrase. They’re saying, “We thought Jesus was going to save us, but he just got crucified instead.” See, when you have a more sober biblical interpretation, you realize that Jesus, God’s Son, saved us precisely by getting crucified for us. But these disciples thought Jesus couldn’t save them, BECAUSE he got crucified. This suggests the Emmaus disciples were looking for a Messiah other than one that would save them from their sins. They were seeking a Messiah that would save them merely from some negative life circumstances. Every single one of us makes the same mistake.

Every one of us, as our first instinct, would identify something other than our own self-centered sin as the culprit trying to steal our happiness. “If I could just get ahead at work. If I can just get through school. If I could just get my finances in order. If I could just get this health problem taken care of. If I could just lose those last 5 lbs. If I could just get my husband to be a little more _________, THEN…”

Put differently, many modern Christians merely want a little “chicken soup for the soul” and “their best life now” and this quest for perpetual happiness in a fallen world is not only short-sighted and false, it’s unhealthy. I can prove it. If you were perpetually happy in a fallen, sinful world, you’d have to either be delusional or a sociopath.

For instance, people in the hospital who are loaded full of dilaudid, morphine, or oxycodone are typically happy, because things feel good. They’re also incapable of operating heavy machinery…because they’re delusional. They’re not in touch with reality. The situation hasn’t actually gotten better. Instead, their sensors of reality have been numbed. They’re temporarily insane and therefore don’t realize how bad certain things are. In a fallen world, it’s possible to impair yourself in such a way that you feel good much of the time. The exchange, however, is that you become proportionately out of touch with reality – DELUSIONAL. From a spiritual perspective, American excess is largely the legal, capitalistic self-medication of unhappiness. The American Dream itself is virtual reality.

On the other hand, if you realize how bad certain things are in the world, and yet you’re  still completely happy, you’re a SOCIOPATH. Let me put it this way – let’s say circumstances in your life are great, everything is going exactly the way you’d hoped for – great job, great marriage, great health, great friends – you’re perpetually happy. Wonderful. What about everyone else on the planet? If you are perfectly happy while other people are falling sick, starving, being oppressed, dying without Christ…then you’re a sociopath. You care for no one but yourself. A sociopath, by definition, is one who lack’s any social conscience. Consequently, this incessant quest for my own personal individual happiness is a self-centered and sinful illusion.

So, let me say it again very clearly: If you are perpetually happy in a fallen, sinful world, you’d have to either be delusional or a sociopath. If it isn’t obvious, neither of those is in step with a child of God.

The negative circumstances under which we suffer in this life are not really the things that enslave us and therefore are not worth all of our energy to attempt avoiding or escaping. They’re simply further evidence that we live in a fallen world. It means you and I were built for a bigger and better world.

The thing that really enslaves you and me is the sin that freezes our heart and clouds our judgment. Consequently, we don’t need a Messiah who makes circumstances in this world a little better. We need a Messiah who, by paying for our sins, redeems us to a new life entirely.

“He was crucified, but we thought he would redeem us.” (Luke 24:20-21 para.) Like Cleopas on the Road to Emmaus, when people fail to see the depth of their slavery to sin, they’re looking for a Messiah to help them feel a little better, who will improve their circumstances, not redeem them.

As a Christian, the grace and promises of Jesus Christ fuel me to a deep and unshakeable joy and optimism. A Christian grieves the problems of this world, but with a foundational hope underneath (1 Thess. 4:13). As one who has struggled throughout life with occasions of severe anxiety and depression, the gospel gives me an anchor to weather storms. The gospel has such buoyant force that it prevents me from hitting rock bottom. And yet, understanding that I’m a mere stranger in this world, a visitor, an ambassador for Christ in a deeply broken world, gives me the permission to not be happy all the time. And that’s actually quite liberating.

No, despite what I might say in the moment when you ask, I’m not always having a good day. But I’m also, in truth, never really having a bad day, because, in Christ, I have a constant awareness that a day is coming when “bad” won’t exist, in the presence of the Lord. And that allows me to be a real person right now.

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Make Earth Great Again

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“Make America Great Again” turned out to be a winning slogan and a powerful brand for president-elect, Donald Trump.

Although the phrase had been used at other times by other candidates, it hadn’t been leveraged to Trump’s degree. Many analysts attempted to explain why exactly the phrase resonated with American voters.

Throughout the campaign we heard a lot about America “not winning anything anymore.” And there was a seeming consensus that education quality, employment opportunities, financial stability, and moral character were all important areas in which America had regressed. In short though, the nostalgia-inducing slogan seems to harken back to a period of our country where we believed we were leaders in the world. And many who remember that feeling, or simply want that feeling, were willing to roll the dice on a candidate who’s claiming to offer it.

I’d like to propose a slightly different thought though. I believe the slogan is powerful because it actually reverberates deep within our souls. In other words, the collective consciousness of humanity recognizes there was a time when things were great, that we’ve fallen from that greatness, and that we’re looking for a powerful leader to come and usher us back into greatness once again, a return to paradise.

Enter Jesus.

In the Christian Church year, we currently find ourselves in the season of End Times. And Judgment day is the day on which Jesus, the Lord and Savior of the world, will literally come back to Make Earth Great Again.

What does this mean?

In our best picture of the End of Days, the Book of Revelation, the Apostle John writes:

“Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life… There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light.” (Rev. 22:1-2, 5)

None of that imagery really makes any sense according to our finite, limited understandings of time and space. Rivers, in our experience, flow down from mountains into oceans. They don’t flow from thrones. They don’t flow down the middle of streets without FEMA getting involved. You don’t experience daylight without the sun. And you don’t have trees that grow on both sides of a river. This is a city with a great infrastructure, crystal clear water, great park system, the light always shines but without a sun, and none of this is comprehensible based on our experience. It’s similar enough to our existence that it’s relatable, but still perplexingly different.

John also highlights the reason why our current experience of earth is drastically different in vs. 3 “No longer will there be any curse.” (Rev. 22:3) Our experience of earth is different from the New Heavens & New Earth because our current earth is under a self-imposed curse. By that, I mean that when Adam and Eve rebelled against God, the rest of creation began rebelling against Adam and Eve. Humanity’s sin overturned the authority structure that God had created as the dominion of a perfect universe. But on the last day, Jesus is coming back and turning it right-side-up again.

I used to be of the impression that, upon Judgment Day, believers would be sent away to a distant galaxy to live in a far off heaven (and new earth). But then I realized that in Revelation 21, John says, “I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God.” (Rev. 21:2). We’re apparently not going off to heaven as much as heaven (i.e. the essence of which is the presence of Jesus) is coming down to us. In that perfect experience of our new earth, “He (Jesus) will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain.” (Rev. 21:4)

Most believers understand that the resurrection means our physical bodies will be brought back to life, better than before, the way they were truly supposed to be. And they will. But isn’t it fascinating that God doesn’t just give our souls brand spanking new bodies? Instead he gives us redeemed and resurrected bodies. He doesn’t just send us off to a distant galaxy. Heaven comes down to this earth.

Here’s the point: In a sense, our bodies are a metonymy for what all of life and all of creation will be. The wrongs will not just be gone; they’ll be made right. The knots caused by sin won’t just be cut off; they’ll be unwound. The evil will become untrue. It’s not just that there is now a line of demarcation from which life will always be good. For his children, just as he grabs from the grave our old bodies ravaged by sin and long decayed, God reaches back into our past and, in a sense, mysteriously undoes what was wrong.

When Adam and Eve sinned, humanity was banished from paradise. We cursed ourselves. But because of the grace of Jesus, we’ll return to paradise. The curse is being undone. When God created man, he created him from dust. But because man sinned, he returns to dust. Curse. But because of the grace of Jesus, in the end, humanity will rise again from the dust. The curse is being undone.

The Doctrine of Resurrection on Judgment Day means that every wrong will be made right, in an incomprehensibly beautiful way. The curse is gone. The spell is broken. It’s not just new. It’s revisited, revitalized, and resurrected but perfected old. Do you realize how powerful this is? The shame you’ve been carrying for the stupid things you did in your youth – the Bible doesn’t seem to be suggesting that you’ll merely be lobotomized and forget about them – it will be as though they had never been. The abuse you endured and the lasting scars that remain – those scars won’t just be gone. Seemingly, somehow, it appears the experience of heaven means it will be as though they had never been!

You say, “Well that doesn’t make sense.” Well, sure, no more sense than a tree that grows on both sides of a river or a world that’s constantly lit with no sun. But the doctrine of Resurrection (of both humans and earth) on Judgment Day suggest it’s true.

Dostoyevsky once wrote,

I believe … suffering will be healed and made up for … that in the world’s finale, at the moment of eternal harmony, something so precious will come to pass that it will suffice for all hearts, for the comforting of all resentments, for the atonement of all the crimes of humanity, of all the blood they’ve shed; that it will make it not only possible to forgive but to justify all that has happened …” (Brothers Karamozov)

Because of the impending resurrection made certain by Christ’s own resurrection, he’s right.

C.S. Lewis used to say that “heaven is the remote music we were born remembering.” Yep. We know paradise was here. And we know it’s coming again. And when people, even political figures, unwittingly tap into this truth, it moves us, though we don’t entirely know why.

But the Bible explains why. We were born in paradise. We miss paradise. And for the sake of Jesus, we will return to paradise.

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The Sad State of Democracy & The Opportunity for Faith

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To modern western people, and the world at large today, a democratic rule is almost a no-brainer. Collective wisdom seems to suggest that when we put too much power into the hands of one individual, it’s corrupting.

One of the major themes of J.R.R. Tolkien’s writing in The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings trilogy is the inherent flaws of political power. In them, you see a parade of characters who are committed to war for personal gain, who once they get their hands on great power (i.e. One Ring), they become addicted to it. This power exposes the ugliness of pride and the weakness of their character, so the ring must be destroyed. The world has also come to agree with this theme – one of the reasons the books remain classics.

In the 20th century, this inherent flaw/temptation of political power became “common sense” and democracy became the solution, the Savior. Democracy removes the potential for one individual to become corrupted by power – or, more accurately – to allow the inherent corruption of any one individual to curse the masses. The majority serves as a check and balance.

But…what would happen if the majority loses track of its cultural North Star?

Well, before anyone suggests that the majority will be guarded by the inherent moral code from God (Rom. 2:14-15) and guided by the alarm (called a conscience) that fires off whenever that code is violated, remember that this conscience can become misguided, even useless (1 Tim. 4:1-2). We saw this thing happen to almost the entire human race at the time of Noah (Gen. 6:5). We saw this happen in the South in the 19th century when it came to slavery. We saw this happen to much of Germany in the mid-20th century when it came to the Jewish population. The majority opinion is, by no means, a moral authority.

Signs of Regression

What would be the signs of a civilization in which the majority was almost entirely incapable of discerning right from wrong anymore? It’s simple. When authority is no longer authority, you cannot have society. According to the Bible, the God-invented authorities for mankind are parents (for children) and church and state (for adults).

So let’s check the vitals and see how we’re doing?

Family

Several years ago the NY Times referred to childbirth outside of marriage as “the new norm,” a particularly frequent trend amongst millennials (among those who are actually having children). I’m not, by the way, trying to point this out for the purpose of shaming a generation – I’m merely mentioning that it’s non-arguably the new statistical norm and encouraging people to think why. The very premise of the TV show Modern Family, which won the Emmy for Outstanding Comedy Series its first 5 years on air, is the idea that whether you’re a married man and woman, a divorced older man with a new trophy wife, a homosexual couple, a single parent, or whatever other possible combination, it doesn’t matter, all options are equally legitimate and beautiful. Two generations ago, some of these relationships used to literally be defined as “illegitimate” in our country. No longer. The God-designed family unit as authoritative “norm” is gone in America.

Government

Americans also don’t trust politicians…at all. This is to such a degree that, ironically, as Republicans were seeking a nominee for the upcoming presidential election, NOT being a career politician was considered a distinct advantage for Trump or Carson in a quest to become … a career politician.

Further interesting (and sad) is the running narrative that, by and large, Americans don’t like EITHER of our front-running potential candidates for president. How does this happen in a democracy?! It seems almost impossible in a “popular” election. But this is part of the issue plaguing a 2 party system – anyone who desires to become their party’s representative almost invariably has to sell their soul and compromise core beliefs. Candidates then invariably appear untrustworthy/compromising, and thus unlikable, under the nation’s scrutinizing eye. As a result, every debate is spent checking what candidates said against what they previously said and losing yet more trust. Governing leaders, despite being elected, are no longer perceived as an authoritative “norm.”

Our nation clearly is struggling to respect local law enforcement at this time as well. There is a palpable tension over the perception of the mistreatment of African-Americans. This has erupted in recent years as the disgruntled in major cities have each taken turns expressing their angst – from rioting in Ferguson, Baltimore, St. Paul, Baton Rouge, Dallas, Milwaukee, Charlotte, etc., with no realistic end in sight. The other day while teaching a Catechism class in a central-city Milwaukee classroom, I received push back on something I thought was simply universal morality. I was contextualizing the story of the Good Samaritan. I told it in terms of kids playing a pickup game of basketball, where a fight broke out and one was beating on the other. I explained how the “innocent bystanders” who stood by and did nothing were guilty of something called the “sin of omission” – not doing the right thing by intervening and helping out the party being unjustly treated. I teach three sections of these Word of God classes, and in every section, several students commented on how they wouldn’t want to intervene to help out the child in trouble, because “what if the police came and accused me of doing something I didn’t do.” I went on to explain how this illustration is really just Jesus’ Parable of the Good Samaritan, and the “innocent bystanders” who were more concerned about themselves than the hurting party were the Levite and the Priest. Eventually, each classroom turned to recognizing that the Samaritan did the “right” thing. More importantly, every classroom eventually understood that spiritually speaking, we all are really the guy who was left for dead alongside the road and Jesus was the Good Samaritan who came and sacrificed everything to help us, getting beaten in our place. So the lesson was eventually received, but there nonetheless remains an obvious and undeniable skepticism towards traditional authoritative law enforcement “norms” as well.

This breakdown of trust in civil servants is clearly causing some societal unraveling. Within the past week, a Chicago man, high on PCP nearly beat to death a female officer, a 17-year veteran of the Chicago police department. The woman had her gun drawn, but admitted she was afraid to fire out of fear the negative media attention would bring to her unit and her family. Yes. Of course. That is the picture of societal breakdown. A supposed public authority, hired to protect and serve, is not allowed to bring justice to a drugged criminal, acting like a crazed animal.

Church

And of course there is the traditional spiritual authority of “clergy.” Outside of politician, I’m not sure the American public is more cynical of any profession. Just ask yourself – when was the last time you saw clergy portrayed well on TV, in a movie, in the media, etc (I’m not counting those produced by Pure Flix)? If you’re an actor and auditioning for the role of clergy, I can nearly guarantee it’s as a suspect on Law and Order SVU. That’s the new norm we’ve been conditioned to.

What to Do

So is there anything wrong with democracy? No, not in theory. But there is something wrong with American Christians looking to it (or any other earthly “authority”) as the Savior.

There’s a reason why popular American pastor Andy Stanley’s recent video encouraging people over 45 to “stop scaring kids” has been so wildly popular. He’s tapped into the fact that somewhere along the line, Christians in America (as a generalization) stopped trusting God as Lord and started trusting politics and the economy as Lord, despite continuing to confess the Creed on Sundays. Really, he’s essentially saying what Jesus said to his panicked disciples when the storms of life crept up, “You of little faith, why are you so afraid?” (Matt. 8:26) When the circumstances of life seem to be crashing around you, and you panic, this is evidence of lack of faith in God, trusting worldly circumstances ahead of God’s promises.

Repeatedly throughout Scripture God demonstrates the fact that he accomplishes his purposes despite, and even through, godless governments. Prime Minister Daniel, whose wisdom was studied by all in the Ancient Near East seemed to think so (Dan. 2:21). God calls Babylon his servant (Jer.25:9; 27:6). He says the same thing about Assyria (Isa. 10:5-6). God made possible the release of his people from exile by working through the military prowess of a pagan king, Cyrus (Isaiah 45:1, 13). God made possible the rebuilding of Jerusalem by working through the actions of a pagan king, Artaxerxes (Neh. 2:1-10). In the midst of political discussion, Jesus seems to speak about the impending destruction to the Jewish community that rejected him, referring to the Roman soldiers as “his army” – He sent his army and destroyed those murderers and burned their city.” (Matt. 22:7) And the last of these, the Apostle Paul, says the same thing about “God’s servants” (Rom. 13:4, 6). He’s referring to the same government that killed his Savior.

God’s providence is not constrained to getting the right candidates in office. And the spiritually clarifying moment is this: Democracy (and its elected politicians) aren’t your Savior. Also, heightened intelligence isn’t your Savior. Tech advancement isn’t your Savior. Your beauty isn’t your Savior. The suburbs aren’t your Savior. Guns aren’t your Savior. New medicine isn’t your Savior. There is no Savior but THE Savior.

Christians expressing faith in something ahead of the Savior, as much as anything, is creating the foreign outsourcing of Christianity from this nation.

The Savior is your Savior. Period.

We daily forget this. We daily want to repent of this. And we daily receive the grace, mercy, and forgiveness of the Savior we forgot. If the political circus we now encounter compels us to despair and turn to Jesus, then so be it, and glory be to God.

“For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.” (Colossians 1:16-17)

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